NASA's Mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt
Exactly Five Years Ago, the New Horizons Team Discovered 2014 MU69 – and Prepared to Make the Distant Kuiper Belt Object Part of Space Exploration History
Hubble Space Telescope discovery images of 2014 MU69
It was during a survey of the skies in June 2014 that the New Horizons team, using the powerful Hubble Space Telescope, located several small, ancient Kuiper Belt objects that New Horizons spacecraft could reach with the expected fuel remaining onboard after its planned, first exploration of Pluto the following summer.
One of those objects, spotted in Hubble images on June 26, 2014, by science team member Marc Buie, was given the designation "PT1" – the first of three "potentially targetable" candidate flyby targets. It was the faintest and smallest of the lot, but it was most reachable within the mission's fuel budget and in the ideal timeline. So in August 2015 – now with the official designation 2014 MU69 – it was selected by NASA and the New Horizons mission team to be the farthest object ever explored by spacecraft. Later that year, New Horizons fired its engines to target the intercept of MU69.
New Horizons brought in the new year with a flawless Jan. 1 flyby of MU69 – nicknamed Ultima Thule – ushering in the era of exploration from the enigmatic Kuiper Belt, a region of primordial objects that holds keys to understanding the origins of the solar system.
"The search for, and discovery of, our first Kuiper Belt flyby target five years ago was major exploration achievement," said Alan Stern, New Horizons principal investigator from Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado. "No other mission has ever targeted and explored an object that hadn't even been discovered when it launched. And that never could have happened without the determination and dedication of the New Horizons team and the talented Hubble search team we put together with Marc Buie at the helm."
KBO/Hubble Space Telescope search team members (from left) Marc Buie, Alex Parker, John Spencer, Cathy Olkin, Anne Verbiscer and Simon Porter examine Hubble images at Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado, in the summer of 2014. The team discovered 2014 MU69 on June 26, 2014. (Credit: search team member Amanda Zangari)
Read more about the 2014 MU69 discovery »
Read about 2014 MU69/Ultima Thule »
KBO Chasers »Discovering 2014 MU69 was just the beginning. Watch how the New Horizons team learned more about this distant Kuiper Belt object in preparation for the New Year's 2019 flyby.